Aquilegia canadensis Eastern Red Columbine Seed & Plants
Easyliving Native Perennial Wildflowers
Native Wild Flower Seeds & Plants for Home Landscaping and Prairie Restoration
|Habitat||Bloom Period||Color||Height Inches||Moisture||Plant Spacing||Lifespan|
|Sun- Shade||April, May, June||Red with Yellow inside||24-36||Dry to Average||12"- 24"||Perennial|
Photos by cj Click on picture for larger image
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canadensis Red Columbine
plants are available,
$4.00 each plus UPS shipping.
Red Columbine plants are shipped on Monday/Tuesday by UPS. Shipping costs are determined by your zip code & the weight of your order. Please contact us by email for shipping charges on Columbine & other potted plants.
Wild Columbine seeds
1 packet - $2.50
|100||20 sq ft|
1 ounce - $35.00
|23,437||1100 sq ft|
1 pound -----------
|375,000||17,600 sq ft|
Aquilegia canadensis, Eastern Red Columbine, is a charming plant with attractive foliage and showy flowers that appeal to hummingbirds and butterflies. This plant grows up to 3 feet tall harboring blue-green leaves growing at the plants base and along the stems. The unique shape and color of Red Columbine flowers are created by 5 petals hanging from a stem in a bell-like fashion. To provide elegant contrast, 5 leaf-like yellow sepals are appended to the red petals. Plant Eastern columbine in average, well drained soil in full sun to medium shade in a hummingbird or butterfly garden.
Native wild Aquilegia canadensis Red columbine seed germination is improved after a pretreatment of 3 to 4 weeks cold moist stratification or when planted outside in the fall or winter.
This delightful flowers of wild Eastern Red Columbine bloom in April, May, June, and July on rock ledges, along rocky slopes in woods, in ravines, and along bluffs from Nova Scotia to Saskatchewan, south to Florida and Texas. Ranunculaceae (Crowfoot Family)
Plant native wild Columbine with other native woodland wildflowers like Green Dragon American Spikenard Jack-in-the-pulpit Goat's Beard Wild Ginger Wild Geranium Virginia Bluebells Woodland Phlox Jacob's Ladder Bloodroot Celandine Poppy Woodland Spiderwort Purple Trillium White Trillium Blue Cohosh Black Cohosh Shooting Star Ginseng Christmas Fern Dutchman's Breeches
Wild columbine, wild
honeysuckle, meeting-houses, red-bell, Canada columbine, American columbine,
rock-lily, jack-in-trousers, cluckies, Aquilegia australis, Aquilegia canadensis
var. australis, Aquilegia canadensis var. coccinea, Aquilegia canadensis var.
eminens, Aquilegia canadensis var. flaviflora, Aquilegia
canadensis var. hybrida, Aquilegia canadensis var. latiuscula, Aquilegia
canadensis var. phippenii, Aquilegia canadensis forma
flaviflora, Aquilegia canadensis forma ecalcarata, Aquilegia canadensis forma
albiflora, Aquilegia canadensis forma phippenii, Aquilegia
coccinea, Aquilegia elegans, Aquilegia eminens,
Aquilegia flaviflora, Aquilegia latiuscula, Aquilegia
phoenicantha and Aquilegia variegata.
Seeds from this plant have been used to treat ailments such as headaches, sore throats, stomatitis, heart problems, skin rash or itch caused by poison ivy, kidney and urinary problems, and fever. They have also been used for ceremonial medicines, perfume, and as additives to tobacco. Roots of this plant can be used to treat gastrointestinal ailments.
Red columbine is a popular garden perennial because it is hardy, lives approximately 3 to 5 years, and can readily regenerate by seed. It is also useful for woodland and meadow plantings.
columbine is pollinated by hummingbirds, which may depend on the plant as an
important nectar source. In
addition, at least four bee species have been found to be effective pollinators
of red columbine in southeastern Wisconsin and northwards.
Buttercup Family (Ranunculaceae). Red columbine is a perennial herb that has short-lived fibrous roots and a vertical underground stem (caudex). It is 30-80 cm (12-30 in) tall, growing from the caudex. Compound leaves are distinctly divided into obovate leaflets. The flower is downward facing, with all petals prolonged backward into a tubular spur. Sepals are petal-like and typically red. Petals are yellow and become redder at the tip of the spur. Plant growth begins in early spring. This plant blooms from March to July and sets fruit in mid to late summer (June to August). Aboveground portions of Red columbine die back to the caudex in mid to late autumn.
Red Columbine is native to eastern and central North America and is found from Nova Scotia to Saskatchewan, south to northern Florida, western Oklahoma and eastern Texas. For current distribution, please consult the Plant Profile page for this species on the PLANTS Web site (http://plants.usda.gov).
Red columbine is found in dry to mesic or even low woods, especially along borders or clearings of oak-hickory, oak-maple and maple-basswood forests, black-oak savannas, cedar glades, pine woods, and mixed conifer hardwood forests. It can also be found on wooded to open rocky hillsides, bluffs, calcareous cliffs, outcrops, ledges, banks, beach ridges, gravelly shorelines, roadsides, quarries, and peat bogs.
Red columbine grows
in thin soils over granitic bedrock, steep hillsides of thin loess over
limestone or quartzite bedrock, and on gravelly glacial marine soils.
Red columbine populations
can occur in a wide range of habitats from rich woods to rocky cliffs.
This hardy eastern perennial is propagated by seed. Seed is mature and ready for collection when it turns black in the follicles. Collected seed should be stored in seedbags at temperatures of 5o to 6oC (~41oF) and can be stored up to 4 months. A 3 to 4 week period of moist stratification at 5oC may speed up germination time but does not increase germination rate.
Aquilegia canadensis seeds should be hand-sown into germination trays in greenhouse temperatures of 21o to 24oC (70o to 75oF). Germination will take place within 3 to 4 weeks, and supplemental lighting is not necessary. Soil in the germination trays must be kept evenly moist during germination. Fertilization may damage the foliage, so avoid application while in germination trays.
Seedlings can be transplanted into plug cells following a 3-4 week period of root development. Plugs will need to be cut back to allow for air circulation over the media surface. Approximately 2 weeks prior to outplanting, plants should be exposed to lower greenhouse, or frost-free outdoor, temperatures.
Although red columbine prefers soils that are well drained, loose, and slightly acidic, it will grow in medium that is loose and has a mixture of organic matter. It will not bloom during the first growing season.
Germination procedures can begin in August and as late as November. Outplanting should take place in the spring (April). Red columbine can also be direct-seeded at a planting site in the fall or early spring. The general recommendation for wildflower seeding is 11 pounds per acre.
species are little bothered by powdery mildew or broad mites.
The waxy nature of the leaves sheds water-based pesticides.
Red columbine is unpalatable to livestock but is sometimes browsed by
deer. Red columbine can survive fire disturbance.
Recolonization begins when the underground caudex resprouts following
disturbance. Population growth
continues by seed.
The map below
shows areas where wild Aquilegia canadensis Columbine plants grow wild but it can be planted and will grow over
a much wider area than shown.
USDA plant hardiness zones 2 to 9.
Use the chart below for shipping charges on Red Columbine flower seeds, to order copy the order form or email questions, comments & orders to john
please contact us by email for shipping charges on aquilegia Columbine potted plants
The minimum seed order amount is $10, this can be a combination of different seeds.
subtotal for flower seeds
shipping charge for seeds
|seed orders up to $20.00 =||$3.00 shipping|
|$20.01 - $50.00 =||$4.00 shipping|
|$50.01-$100.00 =||$5.00 shipping|
over $100.00 = 5 % of subtotal
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PO Box 522
Willow Springs, Mo. 65793
Red Columbine Plant distribution map
complements of USDA, NRCS. 2001. The PLANTS Database, Version 3.1
(http://plants.usda.gov). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.