racemosa Black Cohosh Plants & Seed
Easyliving Native Perennial Wildflowers
Native Wild flower Seed & Plants for Home Landscaping & Prairie Restorations
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|Habitat||Bloom Period||Color||Height Inches||Moisture||Plant Spacing||Lifespan|
|Sun||May - August||White||36 to 80||Average to Moist||24 to 36 Inches||Perennial|
racemosa Black Cohosh Pictures by cj
For other wildflowers visit the wildflower
seed list or potted
to order copy the orderform or
email questions, comments, and orders to firstname.lastname@example.org
Please email for availability Cimicifuga racemosa Black Cohosh potted plants, $7 each plus UPS shipping, please contact us by email with your address & zip code for shipping costs on potted plants.
Black Cohosh seed
1 packet - - email for availability
1 ounce ---- ----
1 pound --------
Cohosh seeds are difficult and slow to germinate,
Black Cohosh potted plants are available for spring shipment
Cimicifuga racemosa Black Cohosh Actaea racemosa black bugbane, black snakeroot
Cohosh is used
as a background plant in the landscape.
Ordering a larger number of plants will increase the shipping only a small amount
Black cohosh is an
attractive perennial herb native to the Midwestern and Eastern United States. It
is generally found growing in rich, fertile, well-drained soils in
moist woods, bases of bluffs, and ravines
forests. Black Cohosh root has been used historically to treat a variety of
human ailments including sore throat, rheumatism, menstruation and uterine
difficulties, menopausal and premenstrual syndrome symptoms, and as an
astringent, diuretic, anti-diarrheal, cough suppressant, and diaphoretic. Presently the herb is approved in Germany for treating premenstrual
discomfort and menopausal ailments, and is commonly used by North American women
to replace or supplement estrogen treatments in hormone replacement therapy. The
root has been clinically successful at treating menopausal hot flashes and is
therefore in great and growing demand.
Upon harvest, the
seeds apparently go into various stages of dormancy that can make germination
very uneven and unreliable. Some seeds can remain dormant for years. Many
techniques are used on seeds of various plant species to overcome dormancy and
produce consistent germination.
The leaves are large
with three pinnately compound divisions and irregularly toothed leaflets.
Tall plumes of cream to white flowers, on a wand-like raceme, bloom from May to
July, often-towering over six feet. From August to October, seeds develop
in capsules and make a rattling sound when they are mature and ready to be
Black cohosh prefers
a rich, moist, soil that is high in organic matter. In its natural habitat, it
is usually found in shaded or partially shaded areas, although it will grow in
full sun. Black Cohosh can be grown successfully in raised beds in the woods, in
raised beds under an artificial shade structure, or in a method mimicking how it
grows in the Regardless of the cultivation system used, it is important to
choose a site with well-drained, but moist, soil. Black cohosh has been known to
tolerate more light and soil variations than ginseng or goldenseal, provided
there is adequate moisture available. Raised beds are highly recommended,
especially for clay soils or areas that tend to stay wet after a heavy rain.
Make sure sufficient compost or other organic material is added to raise the
organic matter content of the soil. Soils with pH of 5 to 6 are ideal for
growing black cohosh.
Black Cohosh seeds are difficult to germinate
Black cohosh seeds
must be exposed to a warm/cold/warm cycle before they will germinate. The
easiest way to grow plants from seed is to harvest the mature seed in the fall
and then sow in the ground immediately, allowing nature to provide the necessary
temperature changes. To do this, collect the seed when the capsules have dried
and started to split open and the seed "rattle" inside. Plant them 1
½ to 2 inches apart, approximately ¼ inch deep in shaded, prepared seedbeds.
Cover with a one-inch layer of hardwood bark or leaf mulch and keep moist. Some
germination may occur the following spring, but most seeds will not emerge until
the second spring. To speed up the germination process and improve the
germination rate, grower Richo Cech suggests exposing the seeds to warm
for two weeks, followed by cold temperature (40oF)
for three months.
Buttercup Family (Ranunculaceae)
Native Americans used infusions of plants of Cimicifuga racemosa medicinally to stimulate menstruation, to treat rheumatic pains, coughs and colds, constipation, and kidney trouble, to make babies sleep, and to promote milk flow in women (D. E. Moerman 1986).
Actaea racemosa L. var. racemosa occures in Moist, mixed deciduous forests, wooded slopes, ravines, creek margins, thickets, moist meadowlands, forest margins, and especially mountainous terrain in the following states: Ont.; Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Ga., Ill., Ind., Ky., Md., Mass., Mo., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., S.C., Tenn., Va., W.Va.
The map below shows areas where native Cimicifuga racemosa Black Cohosh wildflowers grow wild but they can be planted and will grow over a much wider area than shown. USDA plant hardiness zones 3 to 8.
| New Jersey,
the chart below for shipping charges on flower seeds, to order copy the order
form or email questions, comments & orders to email@example.com
Please email for shipping costs on potted plants
The minimum seed order amount is $10, this can be a combination of different
subtotal for flower seeds
shipping charge for seeds
|seed orders up to $20.00 =||$3.00 shipping|
|$20.01 - $50.00 =||$4.00 shipping|
|$50.01-$100.00 =||$5.00 shipping|
over $100.00 = 5 % of subtotal
Kingdom Plantae -- Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta -- Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta -- Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta -- Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida -- Dicotyledons
Family Ranunculaceae -- Buttercup family
Genus Actaea L. -- baneberry
Species Actaea racemosa L. -- black baneberry
Variety Actaea racemosa L. var. racemosa -- black bugbane
wildflower seed list
growing and propagating info invasive plants list flower photographs
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PO Box 522
Willow Springs, Mo. 65793
Actaea racemosa L. var. racemosa
black bugbane Cimicifuga racemosa
plant distribution map complements of USDA, NRCS. 2001. The PLANTS Database, Version 3.1
(http://plants.usda.gov). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.