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|Habitat||Bloom Period||Color||Height Inches||Moisture||Plant Spacing||Lifespan|
|Sun||May - August||White||36 to 80||Average to Moist||24 to 36 Inches||Perennial|
Cimicifuga racemosa Black Cohosh Pictures by cj
POTTED PLANTS ARE AVAILABLE
For other native
wild flowers visit the
Wildflower Seed and Potted Plant Price List
to order copy and mail the order form
email questions, comments, and orders to firstname.lastname@example.org
Cimicifuga racemosa Black Cohosh potted plants, $8.00 each plus UPS shipping,
email with your zip code and number of plants for shipping costs on potted plants.
Black Cohosh seed
1 packet - - seed NOT available
1 ounce ---- ----
1 pound --------
Cohosh seeds are difficult and slow to germinate,
Black Cohosh potted plants are available for spring shipment
Cimicifuga racemosa Black Cohosh Actaea racemosa black bugbane, black snakeroot
Cimicifuga = From the Latin cimex (bug) and fugo (repel),
referring to its use as a bug repellant
racemosa = Having racemes (a type of flower cluster)
Cohosh is used
as a background plant in the landscape.
Ordering a larger number of plants will increase the shipping only a small amount
Black cohosh is an
attractive perennial herb native to the Midwestern and Eastern United States. It
is generally found growing in rich, fertile, well-drained soils in
moist woods, bases of bluffs, and ravines
forests. Black Cohosh root has been used historically to treat a variety of
human ailments including sore throat, rheumatism, menstruation and uterine
difficulties, menopausal and premenstrual syndrome symptoms, and as an
astringent, diuretic, anti-diarrheal, cough suppressant, and diaphoretic. Presently the herb is approved in Germany for treating premenstrual
discomfort and menopausal ailments, and is commonly used by North American women
to replace or supplement estrogen treatments in hormone replacement therapy. The
root has been clinically successful at treating menopausal hot flashes and is
therefore in great and growing demand.
Upon harvest, the
seeds apparently go into various stages of dormancy that can make germination
very uneven and unreliable. Some seeds can remain dormant for years. Many
techniques are used on seeds of various plant species to overcome dormancy and
produce consistent germination.
The leaves are large
with three pinnately compound divisions and irregularly toothed leaflets.
Tall plumes of cream to white flowers, on a wand-like raceme, bloom from May to
July, often-towering over six feet. From August to October, seeds develop
in capsules and make a rattling sound when they are mature and ready to be
Black cohosh prefers
a rich, moist, soil that is high in organic matter. In its natural habitat, it
is usually found in shaded or partially shaded areas, although it will grow in
full sun. Black Cohosh can be grown successfully in raised beds in the woods, in
raised beds under an artificial shade structure, or in a method mimicking how it
grows in the Regardless of the cultivation system used, it is important to
choose a site with well-drained, but moist, soil. Black cohosh has been known to
tolerate more light and soil variations than ginseng or goldenseal, provided
there is adequate moisture available. Raised beds are highly recommended,
especially for clay soils or areas that tend to stay wet after a heavy rain.
Make sure sufficient compost or other organic material is added to raise the
organic matter content of the soil. Soils with pH of 5 to 6 are ideal for
growing black cohosh.
Cohosh seeds are difficult to germinate
Black Cohosh seeds are difficult to germinate
Black cohosh seeds
must be exposed to a warm/cold/warm cycle before they will germinate. The
easiest way to grow plants from seed is to harvest the mature seed in the fall
and then sow in the ground immediately, allowing nature to provide the necessary
temperature changes. To do this, collect the seed when the capsules have dried
and started to split open and the seed "rattle" inside. Plant them 1
½ to 2 inches apart, approximately ¼ inch deep in shaded, prepared seedbeds.
Cover with a one-inch layer of hardwood bark or leaf mulch and keep moist. Some
germination may occur the following spring, but most seeds will not emerge until
the second spring. To speed up the germination process and improve the
germination rate, grower Richo Cech suggests exposing the seeds to warm
for two weeks, followed by cold temperature (40oF)
for three months.
In warm climates, shade is necessary, but in northern regions black cohosh will grow in full sun, if enough water is available. Black cohosh is hardy from zones three to seven. In a woodland setting, black cohosh should be adaptable to any slope direction.
Buttercup Family (Ranunculaceae)
Native Americans used infusions of plants of Cimicifuga racemosa medicinally to stimulate menstruation, to treat rheumatic pains, coughs and colds, constipation, and kidney trouble, to make babies sleep, and to promote milk flow in women (D. E. Moerman 1986).
Actaea racemosa L. var. racemosa occures in Moist, mixed deciduous forests, wooded slopes, ravines, creek margins, thickets, moist meadowlands, forest margins, and especially mountainous terrain in the following states: Ont.; Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Ga., Ill., Ind., Ky., Md., Mass., Mo., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., S.C., Tenn., Va., W.Va.
The map below shows areas where native Cimicifuga racemosa Black Cohosh wildflowers grow wild but they can be planted and will grow over a much wider area than shown. USDA plant hardiness zones 3 to 8.
the chart below for shipping charges on flower seeds, to order copy and mail the order
email questions, comments and orders to email@example.com
Please email with your zip code and number of plants for shipping costs on potted plants
The minimum seed order amount is $10,
this can be a combination of different seeds.
SEEDS ARE NOT AVAILABLE FOR BLACK COHOSH
subtotal for flower seeds
shipping charge for seeds
seed orders up to $20.00 =
$20.01 - $50.00 =
over $100.00 = 7.5 % of subtotal
Flower Pictures Wildflower Seed and Potted Plant Price list Order Form
PO Box 522
Willow Springs, MO. 65793
We accept payment by check or money order and through PayPal
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Actaea racemosa L. var. racemosa
black bugbane Cimicifuga racemosa
plant distribution map complements of USDA, NRCS. 2001. The PLANTS Database, Version 3.1
(http://plants.usda.gov). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.
Kingdom Plantae -- Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta -- Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta -- Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta -- Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida -- Dicotyledons
Family Ranunculaceae -- Buttercup family
Genus Actaea L. -- baneberry
Species Actaea racemosa L. -- black baneberry
Variety Actaea racemosa L. var. racemosa -- black bugbane