Corylus americana American Hazelnut Filbert Seed & Plant
Easyliving Native Perennial Wildflowers
Native Wild Flower Plants & Seeds for Home Landscaping & Prairie Restorations
|Corylus americana American Hazelnut photo by cj||Habitat||Bloom Period||Seeds
|sun - shade||Feb. April||July
|3 to 12 feet||average to moist||3 to 10 feet||shrub|
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Corylus americana American Hazelnut potted plants $7.50 each plus UPS shipping. Please contact us by email with your address/zip code for availability and shipping costs on Hazelnut potted plants
American Hazelnut seed
1 packet - $out of seeds
1 ounce -----------
|20 - 30|
1 pound ------------
= From the Greek krylos, meaning Hazelnut
americana = Of the Americas
Corylus americana, American Hazelnut,
American Filbert, is a thicket forming spreading shrub 3 to 10 feet
tall. Fruits mature in July August in clusters of 2 to 6, seeds 3/8 to 5/8
inch diameter, light brown, sweet, edible. American Hazelnut grows wild in dry or moist
thickets, woodlands, valleys, uplands, and savannas from Florida to Georgia,
Arkansas and Oklahoma north to Maine and west to Saskatchewan.
Corylus americana seeds and catkins are Eaten by wildlife including bobwhite quail, ruffled grouse, blue jays, squirrels, and white-tailed deer. Leaves are colorful in autumn, orange to brick red or purple red with combinations of orange, yellow and green. American Hazelnut shrubs are used for wildlife planting and the nuts are prized by cooks throughout Europe and the US.
Plant seeds of American Hazelnut outside in fall/winter or give cold pretreatment. Seeds may germinate faster after making a small hole in the hard outer shell.
Corylus - From the Greek krylos, meaning Hazelnut
americana - Of the Americas
and filberts are produced by species of
Corylus. Commercial filberts (C. colurna L. and C. maxima
Mill.) are cultivated in various parts of the world, particularly Turkey, Italy,
Spain, China, and the US. Nuts of
the native American species (C. americana
and C. cornuta) are smaller but
similar to the cultivated ones in flavor, and C. cornuta also is commercially cultivated for nut production.
The nuts are sweet and may be eaten raw or ground into flour for
cake-like bread. The nuts were used
by American Indians to flavor soups.
nuts of American hazelnut, which have a higher nutritional value than acorns and
beechnuts, also are eaten by squirrels, foxes, deer, northern bobwhite, ruffed
grouse, turkey, woodpeckers, pheasants, and deer.
The leaves, twigs, and catkins are browsed by rabbits, deer, and moose.
The male catkins are a winter food for turkey and ruffed grouse.
The dense, low growth habit provides cover and nesting sites for many
of American hazelnut and their physically modified derivatives, primarily
glycerides of the fatty acids, are used for emollients.
Other derivatives, such as tinctures, concretes, absolutes, essential
oils, oleoresins, terpenes, terpene-free fractions, distillates, and residues
are used for botanicals.
hazelnut has long been valued as an ornamental and for planting in naturalized
settings. It grows in sun or
partial shade and is useful for borders because of its colonial tendency.
The leaves turn orange to red or purple in the fall.
It is available from various commercial growers – there apparently are
no cultivars apart from the wild type. Cultivars
of the European filbert (C. avellana
L.) tend to be small trees and also are useful in landscaping.
Birch family (Betulaceae). Native
shrubs growing 1-3(-4) meters tall, strongly rhizomatous and forming colonial
thickets; main stems (or trunk) straight, with spreading, ascending branches,
the twigs slender, zigzag, light brown, with numerous stiff, red-glandular
hairs. Leaves are deciduous,
alternate, broadly oval with a heart-shaped or rounded base, 8-12(-15) cm long
and 12 cm wide, acuminate, doubly serrate, hairy beneath, the petiole with
stiff, glandular hairs. Male
(staminate) and female (pistillate) flowers are separate, but both types present
on each plant (the species monoecious); male flowers numerous in long, pendulous
stalks (catkins) 8-10 cm long, in clusters of two or three near branch tips,
appearing in the fall, but opening the following spring. Female flowers are
several in a scaly bud, tiny and inconspicuous with only bright red stigma and
styles protruding from the gray-brown buds, almost completely enclosed by
bracts, near the end of the twigs. Fruit
is a light brown, acorn-like nut 1-2 cm long, wider than long, enclosed in two,
leafy, coarsely toothed (husk-like) bracts.
The common name reflects its being native to North America and
“hazel” is from the Old English name for filbert.
within the species:
several variants have been described within the species: Corylus
americana var. indehiscens Palmer
& Steyermark (fruit bracts united along one side) from southwestern
Missouri; Corylus americana forma missouriensis
(A. DC.) Fern. (petioles essentially glandless) from southeastern Kansas. These have not been generally recognized, and the species is
currently treated with no formal variants.
from beaked hazelnut (Corylus cornuta)
by absence of a horned beak on the fruit.
in eastern North America, Maine west to Saskatchewan and North Dakota, south to
eastern Oklahoma, Arkansas, and Georgia, not found along the Gulf coast region.
For current distribution, please consult the Plant Profile page for this
species on the PLANTS Web site.
hazelnut occurs in moist to dry woods and thickets, forest margins, roadsides,
and fencerows and other disturbed areas. It
grows best on rich, moist, well-drained soils but often may be found close to
streamsides and also grows on prairies. Open habitats are common, but it also can grow successfully
in deep shade and is found at 0-750 at meters in elevation.
This species flowers in February–April before the emergence of leaves
and fruits in July–August.
of American hazelnut may begin producing seed after the first year and produce
good seed crops every 2-3 years. The
seeds have a period of dormancy, apparently overcome by cold treatment.
hazelnut is removed by growers of commercial, closely managed forests, primarily
because of its aggressive colonial habit and corresponding competition with
timber trees. It is easily
top-killed by spring and summer fires. The
underground roots and rhizomes can survive low- to moderate-severity fires when
the humus is moist, but they are relatively shallow and vulnerable to repeated
summer fires when the humus is dry and combustible.
The map below shows areas where native Corylus americana American Hazelnut shrubs grow wild but it can be planted and will grow over a wider area than shown. USDA plant hardiness zones 3 to 9.
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Plant distribution map
complements of USDA, NRCS. 2001. The PLANTS Database, Version 3.1
(http://plants.usda.gov). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.