cucullaria Dutchman's Breeches Potted Plants
Easyliving Native Perennial Wildflowers
Native wild Flower Plants & Seed for Home Landscaping & Prairie Restoration
|Dicentra cucullaria Dutchman's Breeches picture||Habitat||Bloom Period||Color||Height Inches||Moisture||Plant Spacing||Lifespan|
|Shade to part shade||March April, May||White||6 to 10 inches||Average to Moist||6 to 12 Inches||Perennial|
cucullaria Dutchman's Breeches
Photo by cj
Dicentra cucullaria Dutchman's Breeches potted plants are ONLY AVAILABLE IN SPRING $6.00 each plus boxing and shipping. Please contact us by email with your address & zip code for availability & shipping charges on Dutchman's Breeches potted plants and other native wildflowers.
other flowers visit the wildflower
seed list or Potted Plant List to
order Dutchman's Breeches potted plants copy the orderform
or email questions, comments, and orders to email@example.com
We accept payment by check or money order & through PayPal
Dicentra (dy-SEN-truh) = From the Greek
dis, (twice) and kentron, (spur); referring to the flower shape
cucullaria (kuk-yoo-LAIR-ee-uh) = Hooded
Plant in the woodland or shade garden with other native wildflowers like Columbine Green Dragon American Spikenard Jack-in-the-pulpit Goat's Beard Wild Ginger Wild Geranium Virginia Bluebells Woodland Phlox Jacob's Ladder Bloodroot Celandine Poppy Woodland Spiderwort Purple Trillium White Trillium Blue Cohosh Black Cohosh Shooting Star Christmas fern
Dutchman's Breeches is a small graceful native wildflower with fern like foliage and unusual flowers that bloom during March - May. Dutchman's Breeches is a common wildflower of moist woods and wooded valleys throughout the Ozarks. Dutchman's Breeches potted plants are only available in the spring. Plants go dormant in late spring or early summer.
breeches is an easily recognized native wildflower of early spring, and typically occurs on forest floors, rocky woods, slopes, ledges,
valleys, ravines and along streams throughout the Midwest and Eastern US.
Dutchman's Breeches has deeply-cut, fern-like, grayish-green foliage and racemes of waxy, white
(infrequently tinged with pink), yellow-tipped flowers shaped like pantaloons
with the ankles upward (hence the common name). Flowers are borne in a row
drooping from leafless stems arching above the foliage in early spring. Plants
typically grow to 12" tall, with the flower stems and basal leaves rising
directly from a scaly rootstock. Dutchman's breeches is in the same genus as
breeches plants are Intolerant of wet soils during winter. Plant in
average to rich, moist to medium wet, well-drained soil in part shade to full shade.
is a spring ephemeral which usually goes dormant disappearing from the garden by early summer
(dry soils tend to hasten this process).
Plant Dutchman's Breeches in average to rich soil with plenty of humus in the woodland wildflower garden or shade garden where it will naturalize with other native wildflowers. Dutchman's Breeches bloom in early spring and produce seeds before going dormant in early summer.
Zone: 3 to 7
Plant Type: Herbaceous perennial
Missouri Native: Yes
Native Range: Nova Scotia, North Carolina west to Kansas
Height: 0.5 to 1 foot
Spread: 0.5 to 1 foot
Bloom Time: March
Bloom Color: White to pink
Sun: Part shade to full shade
Water: Medium wet
The map below shows areas where native Dicentra cucullaria Dutchman's Breeches wildflower plants grow wild, it can be grown over most of the Midwest and Eastern US. Plant in USDA plant hardiness zones 4 to 9.
cucullaria Dutchman's Breeches
Dicentra cucullaria Dutchman's Breeches
Please contact us by email with your address for shipping charges & availability on Dicentra cucullaria Dutchman's Breeches potted plants
Plant List wildflower book list
growing and propagating info invasive plants list flower photographs
your comments order form search form table of contents
PO Box 522
Willow Springs, Mo. 65793
e-mail questions, comments, and seed orders to - firstname.lastname@example.org
We accept payment by check or money order & through the PayPal website
ernestiana woodland spiderwort plant distribution map
complements of USDA, NRCS. 2001. The PLANTS Database, Version 3.1
(http://plants.usda.gov). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.
page under construction not ready for use
cucullaria is occasionally confused with D . canadensis (squirrel corn), with which it is
sympatric. It is distinguished from that species by its basally pointed (versus
rounded) outer petal spurs, by its flowers lacking a fragrance, by flowering
7-10 days earlier, and by its pink to white, teardrop-shaped (versus yellow,
After fruit set, the bulblets of both Dicentra cucullaria and D . canadensis remain dormant until fall, when stored starch is converted to sugar. At this time also, flower buds and leaf primordia are produced below ground; these then remain dormant until spring (P. G. Risser and G. Cottam 1968; B. J. Kieckhefer 1964; K. R. Stern 1961). Bumblebees and other long-tongued insects Pollinate both Dutchman's Breeches and Squirrel Corn.
components indicate that Dicentra canadensis and D . cucullaria are more closely
related to each other than to any other member of the genus (D. Fahselt 1971).
Even so, species purported to be hybrids between them probably are not. There is
considerable variation in floral morphology within D . cucullaria , which can
have flowers superficially resembling those of D . canadensis . However, when
all characters of the plants are examined, these putative hybrids almost always
are clearly assignable to one species or the other.
western populations of Dicentra cucullaria appear to have been separated from
the eastern ones for at least a thousand years. The western plants are generally
somewhat coarser, which apparently led Rydberg to designate the western
populations as a separate species. Plants from the Blue Ridge Mountains of
Virginia, however, are virtually indistinguishable from those of the West, and
much of the variation (which is considerable) within the species probably
involves phenotypic response to the environment, or represents ecotypes within
Iroquois prepared infusions from the roots of Dicentra cucullaria for a
medicinal liniment (D. E. Moerman 1986).
serious insect or disease problems. Some susceptibility to aphid infestations.
Good soil drainage is essential for plant survival.