Ozark Vernal Witch Hazel
Seeds and Potted Plants
(ham-uh-MEE-lis ver-NAH-liss) or ham-uh-MAY-lis
Easyliving Native Perennial Wildflowers Native Wild
for Home Landscaping and Prairie Restoration firstname.lastname@example.org
|Hamamelis vernalis Ozark Witch Hazel Seed pods||Habitat||Bloom Period||Color||Height Feet||Moisture||Plant Spacing||Lifespan|
|Full Sun to Part Shade||January
|Yellow with red||6 to 10 feet||Average to Moist||4 to 8 feet||Shrub|
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Witch Hazel potted plants $8.00 each plus boxing shipping
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Hamamelis = From the
Greek meaning fruiting and flowering together
vernalis = Flowering in spring
Hamamelis vernalis Ozark Witch Hazel is an attractive hardy shrub suitable for landscaping. It has attractive leaves during summer and fragrant showy yellow to red flowers during winter for a short time in January to April. Seeds mature in September/October, as seeds mature the two part seedpod splits open forcibly discharging the large shinny black seeds to a distance up to 30 feet. Ozark Witch-hazel is often found growing wild in gravel and rocky streambeds and the base of rocky slopes along streams from Missouri and Arkansas to Oklahoma. The leaves and shoots are occasionally browsed by deer, bark is eaten by beaver, squirrel, and cottontail rabbits. Seeds and flowers are eaten by wild turkey and ruffed grouse. Twigs, leaves, and bark are the basis for witch hazel extract.
Witch Hazel potted plants $8.00 each plus boxing shipping
Ozark Witch Hazel Seeds
1 packet - out of seeds
1 ounce -
1 pound -
USDA Plant hardiness zones 4 to 8
The map below
shows areas where
Hamamelis vernalis Ozark Witch Hazel
grow wild but it can be planted and will grow
a much wider area in plant hardiness zones of 4 through 8.
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shipping charge for seeds
seed orders up to $20.00 =
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over $100.00 = 7.5 % of subtotal
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PO Box 522
Willow Springs, MO. 65793
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Hamamelis vernalis Ozark Witch Hazel Plant distribution map
complements of USDA, NRCS. 2001. The PLANTS Database, Version 3.1
(http://plants.usda.gov). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.
Hamamelis vernalis Ozark Witch Hazel has showy fragrant flowers that bloom for a short time in Jan/March.
We are still working on this page
Easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. Best flowering in full sun. Prefers moist, acidic, organically rich soils. Tolerates heavy clay soils. Promptly remove suckers to prevent colonial spread. Prune in spring after flowering to control shape and size.
Ozark witch hazel is a deciduous, winter-blooming, Missouri native shrub with a rounded habit which typically grows 6-10' tall (less frequently to 15') with a somewhat larger spread. Usually occurs in the wild in gravel or rocky stream beds or at the base of rocky slopes along streams. Noted for its extremely early (January to February-March) and lengthy (to 4 weeks) bloom period. Fragrant, globular flower clusters (to 3/4" wide) have variable coloration, but flowers most frequently have yellow petals and reddish inner calyxes. Ovate, dull green leaves (2-5") turn an attractive golden yellow in autumn. Extract obtained from the leaves, bark and stems was formerly used medicinally by native Americans for, inter alia, external treatment of sprains, bruises and inflammations.
Shrub border, native plant or naturalized garden, woodland garden or screen/informal hedge. Good specimen value due to fragrant, late winter flowers and good fall color. Flowering stems can make an attractive winter bouquet.
Shrubs , 2-4 m, stoloniferous, with widespreading roots. Leaves often persistent in winter; Flowers appearing in winter on naked branches, distinctly fragrant; calyx often adaxially deep purple; petals reddish or deep red to orange, occasionally yellow, 7-10 mm; staminodes not dilated or slightly so. Capsules 10-15 mm. Seeds 7-9 mm. 2 n = 24.
Flowering winter (Dec-Mar). Gravel bars and rocky stream banks, developing thickets, rarely on wooded hillsides; 100-400 m; Ark., Mo., Okla.
Hamamelis vernalis is restricted to the Ozark Plateau of Missouri, Oklahoma, and Arkansas, often in close proximity with the more widespread H . virginiana . It is difficult to explain the restricted occurrence of H . vernalis in the Ozark area, although ancient geology of the area, with predominently Paleozoic rocks, makes it a well-known refugium. Hamamelis vernalis and H . virginiana are sympatric, sometimes growing within 30 m of each other, yet their identity is maintained, and the two species are easily distinguished through a composite of diagnostic characters (J. L. Bradford and D. L. Marsh 1977). Hamamelis vernalis shows an unusual color range of the flowers. Plants growing side by side commonly differ in flower color, varying from orange to deep red or, occasionally, deep yellow. Sometimes flower color varies on the same plant; e.g., petals that are initially deep red can later fade to yellow.
Hamamelis vernalis is not well known in cultivation and is infrequently planted. It is desirable for the fragrance and color variation of the flowers.
A small tree or large shrub to 15 ft. tall with multiple, crooked stems forming an irregular, open crown. Older stems assume an attractive gray to grayish-brown color. Its flowers, the first of anything to bloom, are yellow to red, four-petaled and 1/2 in. long. To avoid freeze damage, the petals roll up on very cold days. Fall color develops late and is an attractive golden-yellow.Gravelly to clay soils.
Conditions Comments: Very flood tolerant. More tolerant of high pH than H. virginiana. Will sucker and form large colonies. Slow-growing and tolerates pruning quite well.
Seeds sown immediately after collection
will be exposed to a period of warm temperatures to complete after-ripening.
Pretreated seed must be double-stratified seed. Witch hazel can be layered from
new wood. Rooted cuttings supposedly come easier from
Seed Collection: Pick fruits from late August to September before they completely dry. Spread to dry so seeds can be removed from fruit capsules. Seeds can be stored in sealed, refrigerated containers or directly stratified over winter in moist sand and peat at 41 degrees.
Seed Treatment: Stratify at 86 degrees for 60 days followed by 41 degrees for 90 days.
Commercially Avail: yes
In late winter or very early spring, before the leaves unfurl, Vernal witch-hazel has yellow and orange-to-red flowers with a spicy fragrance that appears in late February and last three to four weeks. The new foliage is an attractive bronzy-red color that matures to dark green and then turns a rich butter yellow to golden yellow in fall. The dried leaves often persist into winter. The fruit capsules mature in September or October, when they split to expel black seeds that are attractive to birds. The plants can sucker to form colonies. This is a great specimen plant for naturalized landscape.
Hamamelis vernalis - vernal witch-hazel, spring witch-hazel,
Family (English): Hamamelidaceae
Family (Botanic): witch-hazel
Tree or Plant Type: Shrub
Foliage: Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves)
Landscape Uses: Hedge, Massing, Mixed border, Specimen
Range: Large shrub
6 to 10 feet high and 10 to 15 feet wide; rounded to upright form.
Light Exposure: Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily
Hardiness Zones: 4 through 8
Soil Preference: Moist, well-drained soil
Season of Interest: Late winter, Early spring, Mid fall
Flower Color & Fragrance: Fragrant, Orange, Red, Yellow
Shape or Form: Multi-stemmed, Round, Upright
Growth Rate: Moderate
full sun to part shade. Tolerant of moist soil but prefers well-drained, rich
Avoid dry conditions. In part shade it will have a more open habit than in full sun.
Prune in late winter to removed dead stems and to keep in shape. Cut stems can be forced inside to bloom.
problems, occasionally powdery mildew.
Disease, pest, and problem resistance Will tolerate poorly drained clay soil.
More tolerant of high pH (alkaline) soil than the Chicago native common witch-hazel (Hamamelis virginiana).
Tolerant of black walnut toxicity.
Native geographic location and habitat Native to Missouri, Oklahoma, Louisiana.
Attracts birds & butterflies Seeds released in fall are eaten by a number of species of bird.
gray to gray-brown and relatively smooth.
Younger twigs have velvety-hairs.
alternate leaves; oval with broadly toothed margins; 2 to 5 inches long.
New leaves emerge with a bronze or red cast, then turn to a medium green.
Fall color is a good yellow.
Yellow, orange or red flowers with 4 strap-like petals in late winter to very early spring; very fragrant.