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Hydrastis canadensis Golden Seal picture by cj
|Habitat||Bloom Period||Color||Height Inches||Moisture||Plant Spacing||Lifespan|
|April - June||Blue||15 inches||Average||12 to18 inches||Perennial|
click on image for larger Hydrastis canadensis Golden Seal picture
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Potted plants may be available this fall or spring 2016
= The leaf resembles Hydrophyllum (water leaf); hence
canadensis (ka-na-DEN-sis) = Of or from Canada and North America
Please contact us by email with your address for shipping charges &
availability on Hydrastis canadensis (Golden
Seal) potted plants
(email for availability).
NEW Seeds in packets harvested in early JULY are NOW SOLD OUT
Email for seed availability in July 2016
Hydrastis canadensis Golden Seal seed packets are (Sold Out)
$2.50 each plus shipping (approximately 35 seeds)
Seed shipping chart at bottom of page.
Hydrastis canadensis Golden Seal is small native woodland wildflower and a nice addition to the woodland shade garden. Golden Seal has attractive leaves with a small 1/2 inch wide white flower in spring and a red fruit in June/July. grows in varied conditions including dry open woodlands or upper slopes, ridges, glades, savanahas, prairies and moist low or rocky woods along wooded streams and in ravines and valleys. Hydrastis canadensis Golden Seal grows wild from New York to Minnesota, south to Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Arkansas. Hydrastis canadensis Golden Seal plants can be cultivated for commercial use. Plants growing in the wild are in decline in many areas due to root diggers.
Golden Seal is listed
as threatened or endangered in several states - Connecticut, Georgia, Maryland, Massachusetts,
Michigan, Minnesota, New Jersey, North Carolina, Pennsylvania,
Plant Hydrastis canadensis Golden Seal in the shade garden with other native woodland wildflowers like, Columbine Green Dragon American Spikenard Jack-in-the-pulpit Goat's Beard Wild Ginger Wild Geranium Virginia Bluebells Woodland Phlox Bloodroot Celandine Poppy Woodland Spiderwort Purple Trillium White Trillium Blue Cohosh Black Cohosh Shooting Star Ginseng Christmas Fern Dutchman's Breeches
The map below shows areas where native Hydrastis canadensis Golden Seal wild flower plants grow wild but it can be planted and will grow over a larger portion of the US. USDA plant hardiness zones 3 to 8.
|Hydrastis canadensis Golden Seal||Alabama
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canadensis Golden Seal plant distribution map
complements of USDA, NRCS. 2001. The PLANTS Database, Version 3.1
(http://plants.usda.gov). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.
This area NOT finished
orangeroo, yellow-puccoon, fard inolien, hydrastis du Canada, racirie jaunisse, sceau d'or, kanadische Orangewurz, hidrastis, raŪz de oro
Please consult the PLANTS Web site and your State Department of Natural Resources for this plantís current status (e.g. threatened or endangered species, state noxious status, and wetland indicator values).
The following topics are addressed in the publication, Cultivating the increasingly popular medicinal plant, goldenseal: Review and update by Adrianne Sinclair and Paul M. Catling, which is reproduced below.
This publication was reproduced from the American Journal of Alternative Agriculture, volume 16 (3), with permission from the authors and the American Journal of Alternative Agriculture.
Cultivating the increasingly popular medicinal plant, goldenseal: Review and update
Adrianne Sinclair and Paul M. Catling
Abstract. Interest in the cultivation of goldenseal is increasing and this may have benefits for agriculture, human health, and conservation. To enable a better understanding of growing conditions, cultivation methods reported in the literature were reviewed, 21 natural goldenseal populations in the northern portion of its natural range in North America were described and analyzed in terms of population size and health, and 15 successful growers were interviewed on requirements for optimal cultivation. Growing conditions in the wild were compared to those reported in the cultivation literature. Summary of data from natural populations suggests goldenseal grows best in mixed hardwood forests, under 60-65% shade, in moist sandy loam soils high in organic matter, with pH 5.7 to 6.3. Similarly, review of the literature suggests that goldenseal grows best in moist, well-drained loams high in organic matter, with pH 5.5 to 6.5. Reported shade requirements vary but 47-80% shade is considered optimal. Growing conditions reported by growers were also consistent with the cultivation literature and similar to conditions of wild populations. Although optimal growing conditions are similar to those for many crops, goldenseal is relatively robust and can grow well in a variety of conditions including wet, predominantly sandy or clay soils with pH as low as 4.8 and as high as 7.8. Cultivation can utilize a ginseng crop infrastructure and goldenseal has been recommended as a rotation crop for ginseng. Commercial production of goldenseal is potentially advantageous because (1) it is an environmentally friendly crop; (2) it has been grown successfully far outside its natural range, is easy to grow, and is considered potentially profitable; and (3) it is relatively inexpensive, having low energy, land area, and fertilization requirements. Development of a sustainable crop may contribute to the protection of native wild gennplasm, which can provide valuable material for crop improvement.
Key words: ginseng, natural resource conservation, plant ecology, propagation, soil characteristics, sustainable agriculture, wild germplasm
Woodland garden, native plant garden, shaded
naturalized plantings or wild garden
Golden seal is a native Missouri wildflower which occurs in rich woods, wooded slopes and valleys, and typically grows 10-15" tall. Features a single, large, palmately lobed, wrinkled, basal leaf (to 8" wide) and a two-leafed flower stalk topped with a solitary, yellowish green to greenish white, apetalous flower with prominent whitish stamens. Flowers bloom in spring, and give way to attractive but inedible scarlet red berries. Hydrastine is a bitter alkaloid which is extracted from the rootstock for certain pharmacological purposes (aids digestion or inhibits bleeding). Rootstock was used by early Americans for a variety of purposes including tonic, diuretic, insect repellant and yellow dye. All parts of the plant are poisonous in large doses, however. Common name is in reference to the plant's thick, yellow rhizome
Goldenseal becomes 6-12 in. tall, usually bearing three maple-like, shiny-green leaves. The stem is terminated by a single, white flower with yellow stamens followed by a tight cluster of red fruit. 1 large, wrinkled, basal leaf and a hairy stalk bearing 1 flower above a pair of 5-lobed stem leaves, all rising from a yellow, underground stem.
Lacking petals and losing the sepals early, the flowers of this species owe their color to the many whitish stamens. The plant was used medicinally by Native Americans and colonists, and is still in use today, ranking with American Ginseng (Panax quinquefolius), of the ginseng family (Araliaceae), as one of the most-collected of eastern North American medicinal herbs. Its current rarity is due at least in part to overcollection.
Easily propagated by seed, division or root cuttings. To propagate by division, divide the rhizomes when the plant is dormant. To grow from seed, sow fresh seed and cover lightly with leafmold. Keep the seeds moist; they will stratify by themselves.
Moist, humus-rich soil.
Conditions Comments: A deciduous leaf winter cover is desirable. A good ground cover for moist, shady places. The knotty yellow rhizomes are used in medicine and have been collected so extensively that the plant is nearly exterminated.