Native Monarda fistulosa
Wild Bergamot Beebalm Seed & Plants
Easyliving Native Perennial Wildflowers
Native Wild Flower Seeds & Plants for Home Landscaping & Prairie Restoration
Monarda fistulosa Wild Bergamot Beebalm Photo by cj
|Habitat||Bloom Period||Color||Height Inches||Moisture||Plant Spacing||Lifespan|
|Sun to Light Shade||June and July||Lavender||36 to 60 Inches||Average||24 to 36 Inches||Perennial|
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packet - $2.50
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Monarda fistulosa, Wild Bergamot or Beebalm, is a pleasantly scented member of the mint family growing up to 5 feet tall with rose-purple to lavender flowers. Native Wild Bergamot is a fragrant herbal tea when 3 to 4 dried or fresh leaves are placed in a cup of boiling water with honey. Monarda fistulosa has been used medicinally as a stimulant to remove the pain of colic. Wild Bergamot flowers do best when planted in average to rich soil in the back border of a butterfly garden or a prairie meadow with Liatris (Blazing Star), Rudbeckia (Black-eyed Susan), Echinacea (Coneflowers), and Little Bluestem grass. Monarda fistulosa wildflowers bloom over a 4 week period from late May to August.
Wild Bergamot seeds are very small and no pretreatment is needed for germination.
Native Wild Bergamot occurs naturally in prairies, open and dry rocky woods, roadsides, and borders of glades from Maine to Saskatchewan, south to Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas. Lamiaceae (Mint Family)
The map below shows areas where this plant native Monarda fistulosa Wild Bergamot Beebalm wild flower plants grow wild but they can be planted and will grow over a wider area than shown. USDA plant hardiness zones 3 to 9.
Use the chart below for shipping charges on Monarda fistulosa Wild Bergamot Beebalm flower seeds, to order copy the order form or email questions, comments & orders to firstname.lastname@example.org
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We accept payment by check, money order, and through Paypal
The minimum seed order amount is $10, this can be a combination of different
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Wild Bergamot Beebalm Plant distribution map
complements of USDA, NRCS. 2001. The PLANTS Database, Version 3.1
(http://plants.usda.gov). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.
- Ethnobotanic: The Tewa Indians because of the flavor it imparted
cooked Wild bergamot with meat. The
Iroquois used the plant in the making of a beverage.
The plant has a wide variety of medicinal uses.
The Ojibwe put a wad of chewed leaves of this plant into their nostrils
to relieve headache. The tops of
the plant were dried and used as a sternutatory for the relief of colds.
The leaves were placed in warm water baths for babies.
The Flambeau Ojibwe gathered and dried the whole plant, boiling it in a
vessel to obtain the volatile oil to inhale to cure catarrh and bronchial
affections. The Menomini also used
this plant as a remedy for catarrh, steeping the leaves and inflorescences in a
tea. The Meskwaki used this plant
in combination with other plants to relieve colds.
The Hocak (Winnebago) used wild bergamot in their sweat bath and inhaled
the fumes to cure colds. A
decoction of boiled leaves was used as a cure for eruptions on the face.
The Cherokee made a warm poultice of the plant to relieve a headache.
The Teton Dakota boiled together the leaves and flowers as a cure for
abdominal pains. The Blackfoot made
a tea from the blossoms and leaves to cure stomach pains.
They also applied boiled leaves to the pustules of acne.
The Tewa dried the plant and ground it into a powder that was rubbed over
the head to cure headaches, over the body to cure fever, and as a remedy for
sore eyes and colds. Early white
settlers used it as a diaphoretic and carminative, and occasionally employed it
for the relief of flatulent colic, nausea and vomiting.
Economic: Wild bergamot is used in flower arrangements.
Bees, butterflies and hummingbirds use the plant for nectar.
General: Mint Family (Lamiaceae).
This aromatic herbaceous perennial is 5 to 12 dm. high and has branched,
hairy stems and spreads by seeds and rhizomes.
The opposite leaves are distinctly petioled and deltoid-lanceolate to
lanceolate and slightly toothed. Wild
bergamot has square stems with gray-green foliage.
The flowers bloom from June to September.
They are solitary and terminal on the flowering branches and the two
stamens surpass the upper lip. The
flowers are tubular, 13-15 nerved, with lobes much shorter than the tube. The corolla is lavender and strongly bilabiate.
The upper lip is narrow, entire, and softly pubescent while the lower lip
Distribution - This plant is found in upland woods, thickets, and prairies from Quebec to Manitoba and British Columbia south to Georgia, Louisiana, and Arizona. For current distribution, please consult the Plant Profile page for this species on the PLANTS Web site.
- General: When the seeds are ripe, cut off the seed heads and spread
them over a clean, dry surface indoors to air-dry for several days.
Then place some of the seed heads in a paper bag and shake.
Many of the seeds will fall into the bag. Repeat the process with the remaining heads.
Next run the seeds and associated chaff through a sieve.
Store the seeds in a dry sealed and labeled container or ziploc bag with
wet sand or peat moss in the refrigerator that is kept under 40 degrees F for
Propagation by seeds: Sow seeds in flats during January and stored in a greenhouse are expected to germinate in one to two weeks. The soil mix can be one-third sand and two-thirds commercial plug mix. Apply a starter fertilizer solution for the seedlings. Water flats when the soil surface is dry to the touch. Keep the seedlings in the flats for 6-7 weeks, and then transplant them to 3-inch pots. Continue to water seedlings when the surface is dry to the touch. Pinch off the tops of the plants several times during the growing season to encourage branching and bushier grow habit. Apply a weekly application of an all-purpose fertilizer for the transplants. When the roots fill the container (about 2 months) they are ready for outplanting in the garden. Plant seedlings in a sunny, weed-free well-drained soil, one and one-half to two feet apart. Water, until rains come.
Seeds can also be broadcast on a weed-free surface from January to mid-May in sunny locations. Once the seeds germinate seedlings should be watered during extended dry period. During the first summer of full growth mow the area 3 to 5 times to keep the plants between 8 and 4 inches tall. Mowing also reduces weeds.
Propagation by cuttings: Take stem tip cuttings, 3-4 inches long, any time from May to August. Remove the lower leaves and all flower or seed heads and insert the stems into a sand and perlite-rooting medium. Bury each cutting up to the first node. Place the cuttings in an enclosed area and mist them several times a day. In 4 to 5 weeks the cuttings should be well rooted and can be transplanted to pots. Then outplant the plants in the garden in the early autumn.
Management - Once established, wild bergamot still benefits from extra watering during dry summers. Continue mowing the area, once a year, after the hardest killing frosts or the following spring. This keeps woody plants from encroaching and removes plants that have died back. Since the plant spreads by rhizomes, it can get aggressive. The plant can be kept from spreading by divisions. Division of large plants every 2 to 3 years also keeps them healthy. Mature clumps can be divided in March before they send up stems. Dig up a portion of the clump and divide it