Panax quinquefolius
American Ginseng Plant

Easyliving Native Perennial Wildflowers
Native wild Flower Plants & Seed for Home Landscaping & Prairie Restoration

john@easywildflowers.com

Panax quinquefolius American Ginseng Plant Seedling picture Habitat Bloom Period Flower Color Height Inches Moisture Plant Spacing Lifespan
Panax quinquefolius American Ginseng Plant Seedling picture Medium to heavy Shade June-July yellowish-green
to
greenish-white
9 to 18 inches Average to Moist 12 to 18 Inches Perennial

Ginseng Seedling & mature plant Pictures by cj
Panax quinquefolius American Ginseng Plant picture

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Panax quinquefolius seed
American ginseng seed

approximate
number of seeds

approximate coverage
in square feet

1 packet - out of seed

1 ounce - ---- out

1 pound ----------- 

Plant Panax quinquefolius, American ginseng with other native woodland wildflowers like  Columbine  Green Dragon  American Spikenard  Jack-in-the-pulpit  Goat's Beard  Wild Ginger  Wild Geranium  Virginia Bluebells  Woodland Phlox  Jacob's Ladder  Bloodroot  Celandine Poppy   Woodland Spiderwort  Purple Trillium   White Trillium  Blue Cohosh  Black Cohosh  Shooting Star    Christmas Fern   Dutchman's Breeches 
Ordering a larger number of plants will increase the shipping only a small amount

Panax quinquefolius, American ginseng, Sang, is found in rich woods from Quebec to Minnesota and South Dakota to Georgia and occurs in Louisiana and Oklahoma. It grows in full shade underneath deciduous hardwood species.   Plant Ginseng in full shade under deciduous trees in well-drained soil and keep moist. Wild American ginseng is typically found in calcium rich forest soils well supplied with organic matter.   In natural conditions, the seed may take two or three years to germinate and the plant three to four years to produce seed. The root takes at least three to four years before it is ready to harvest 

  Best grown in moist, fertile, organically rich, medium wet soils in part shade to full shade. Soils should not be allowed to dry out. DO NOT DIG PLANTS FROM THE WILD. This species is endangered.  An interesting and increasingly rare native plant for shade areas. Best in herb gardens, native plant gardens, woodland gardens or shade gardens. Generally not grown in borders due to lack of sufficient ornamental interest.

American Ginseng primarily inhabits rich, mesic woods, often on slopes, over a limestone or marble parent material. The species requires adequate moisture (but not wet hollows or swamps) and a closed canopy. Common associate herbaceous species include bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis), black cohosh (Cimicifuga spp.), maidenhair fern (Adiantum pedatum), and yellow lady's slipper (Cypripedium pubescens)  American ginseng occurs from Maine, west to Ontario and perhaps Manitoba, and south to Florida, Alabama, Louisiana, and Kansas. It is most characteristic of the Appalachian and Ozark regions. American ginseng occurs at generally low densities over a very broad range, with a modern total population of perhaps a billion plants. However, population sizes of this plant have decreased considerably since European settlement, primarily because of extensive digging of its roots for commercial sale (NatureServe 2003). In Louisiana, ginseng is only known from the Tunica Hills Region at Tunica Hills Wildlife Management Area located north of St. Francisville, Louisiana. 

Panax quinquefolius American Ginseng seed germination is improved after a pretreatment of several weeks cold moist stratification or when planted outside in the fall. 

 Native Panax quinquefolius American ginseng is a hardy native wildflower occurring naturally in open woods, ledges and rocky wooded slopes throughout the Ozarks.  Pink Family (Caryophyllaceae)

Panax quinquefolius American ginseng, Is a very interesting plant for the spring shade garden.  This woodland wildflower grows wild on moist rocky wooded slopes, in valleys and along Ozarks streams across most of the Midwest and Eastern US.  Plant Panax quinquefolius American ginseng in average to moist rich soil in medium to heavy shade in Midwestern and Eastern US.  This is a very unusal wildflower for the shade garden and will grow over most of the Midwestern and Eastern United States.  An interesting and increasingly rare native plant for shade areas. Best in herb gardens, native plant gardens, woodland gardens or shade gardens. Generally not grown in borders due to lack of sufficient ornamental interest.

Threatened and Endangered Plant Information:
Connecticut: - American ginseng Special Concern
Maine: - American ginseng Endangered
Massachusetts: - ginseng Special Concern
Michigan: - ginseng Threatened
New Hampshire: - ginseng Threatened
New York: - ginseng Exploitably Vulnerable
North Carolina: - ginseng Special Concern
Pennsylvania: - ginseng Vulnerable
Rhode Island: - American ginseng Endangered
Tennessee: - American ginseng Special Concern, Commercially Exploited

The map below shows areas where native Panax quinquefolius American ginseng  wildflower plants grow wild, it grows wild over most of the Midwest and Eastern US.  Plant in USDA plant hardiness zones 3 to 9.  Family Araliaceae – Ginseng family

Panax quinquefolius 
American Ginseng

Georgia
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Nebraska
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New York
North Carolina
Ohio
Oklahoma
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Vermont
Virginia
West Virginia

Wisconsin

Alabama
Arkansas
Connecticut
Delaware

 

For shipping charges on Panax quinquefolius American ginseng potted plants
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Please contact us by email with your address for shipping charges & availability on Panax quinquefolius American ginseng potted plants

We accept payment by check, money order, and through Paypal

Panax quinquefolius American ginseng seeds/plants are not available at this time. 

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Native Panax quinquefolius American ginsengt plant distribution map complements of USDA, NRCS. 2001. The PLANTS Database, Version 3.1
  (http://plants.usda.gov). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.

 

 

 

Alternate Names
wild ginseng, sang
Uses
Ethnobotanic: American ginseng was used by Menominee hunters, who chewed the root to impart a lure to the breath and to attract deer. The plant was used by Meskwaki women to obtain a husband. A mixture consisted of ground ginseng, mica, gelatin, and snake meat. The Pawnee also used ginseng roots in combination with certain other substances as a love charm. The Ojibwe considered the root a good-luck charm if carried in the pocket. Huron Smith (1932) recorded a potentially sustainable way to harvest the roots among the Ojibwe. “They only gathered the root when the red berries were mature, but before they were ready to drop. Into the hole from whence the root came, they would thrust the whole fruiting top, and carefully firm the soil upon it. Knowing the location well, they would revisit the place in three to five years and find more roots than they harvested in the first instance.” The roots were used in eyewash by the Iroquois to treat the sore eyes of two-year-old children. The root could also be steeped in warm water and drunk for alleviating sores on the body. The pulverized root was smoked to treat asthma. Women of the Penobscot tribe took an infusion of the root to increase fertility. The Delaware used the roots and other plant parts as a general tonic. American ginseng is in high demand in the United States and China as an herbal remedy. It is used for stress and to increase energy and mental acuity in the United States. In China, it is a panacea for sexual impotency, nervousness, vomiting, and dyspepsia.
Status
In general, this species has been depleted by over-collecting for commercial purposes. Many states, such as Maryland, have a permit process instituted for collectors in the wild. Certain U.S. ports have been designated by the USDA, APHIS as ports through which ginseng can be exported. The Canadian Museum of Nature (2000) considers it a species at risk. Please consult the PLANTS web site and your State Department of Natural Resources for this plant’s current status.
Description
General: Ginseng Family (Araliaceae). This aromatic herbaceous perennial has once palmately compound leaves arranged in a single whorl. The leaves are oblong-obovate to obovate, 6-15 cm, and conspicuously serrate. The stems are solitary, 2-6 dm, and with one flower umbel per stem. The flowers are greenish-white, all or mostly perfect. There are two styles and five stamens. The fruits are berry-like, bright red drupes, 1 cm thick.
Distribution
For current distribution, please consult the Plant Profile page for this species on the PLANTS Web site. This plant is now considered rare and collection in the wild is either prohibited or strictly regulated in the states in which it is found. Most regulations
from Voss (1985)
allow digging only in autumn, after ginseng seeds have dropped. It is found in rich woods from Quebec to Minnesota and South Dakota to Georgia and occurs in Louisiana and Oklahoma. It grows in full shade underneath deciduous hardwood species.
Establishment
Ginseng is widely cultivated in the U.S., Canada, and China. In natural conditions, the seed may take two or three years to germinate and the plant three to four years to produce seed. The root takes at least three to four years before it is ready to harvest (Sadler 1999). Detailed growing instructions are available from Michigan State University Extension (1996).
Propagation by seeds: Fruits should be collected when they are red, usually August or September. Seeds can be separated from the pulp and sown fresh in the fall in flats. If stored, they should be stored moist. If buying seed, soak it in a 10 percent bleach solution for 20 minutes and rinse before sowing to kill any fungus spores that may have come along with them. After a 3-fingered leaf emerges in the spring, transplant each of these in bunches of 3 to deep pots. They will be ready to plant outside the following fall. Plant the plants in full shade under deciduous trees in a well-drained soil and keep them moist. Wild American ginseng is typically found in calcium rich forest soils well supplied with organic matter.
Management
If American ginseng has been planted in an acid soil, apply dolomite every fall to heighten the plant’s vigor and color. Hand weed around the plants.
Cultivars, Improved and Selected Materials (and area of origin)
This species is generally available from those nurseries that specialize in herbs. Contact your local Natural Resources Conservation Service (formerly Soil Conservation Service) office for more information. Look in the phone book under ”United States Government.” The Natural Resources Conservation Service will be listed under the subheading “Department of Agriculture.”
References
Beyfuss, R.L. 1999. American ginseng production in woodlots. Agroforestry Notes 14. USDA, Forest Service and USDA, Natural Resources Conservation Service. USDA, National Agroforestry Center, East Campus-UNL, Lincoln, Nebraska.
Bourne, J. 2000. On the trail of the ‘sang poachers. Audubon 102:2(84-91).